Відмінності між версіями «UA (en)»

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(Трансфер домена)
(Renewing of a domain name)
(не показано 34 проміжні версії 2 учасників)
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[[Файл:Cctld-UA-lifecycle.jpeg|center]]
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''[https://wiki.drs.ua/UA Українська версія]''
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''[https://wiki.drs.ua/UA_(rus) Рус. версия]''
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[[Файл:Ua-lifecycle_eng.png|center]]
  
  
 
{| align="left" class="wikitable" width="35%" style="float:right; margin-left:2em"
 
{| align="left" class="wikitable" width="35%" style="float:right; margin-left:2em"
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background:#AFD6FF;" | Характеристики
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! style="background:#AFD6FF;" | Characteristics
! style="background:#AFD6FF;" | Описание
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! style="background:#AFD6FF;" | Description
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Домен содержит'''  
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|'''Domain name may contain'''  
| буквы латинского алфавита (a-z), numbers (0-9), hyphens («-»)
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| latin letters (a-z), numbers (0-9), hyphens («-»)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Длина домена'''
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|'''Domain name length'''
|от 1 до 63 символов
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|from 1 to 63 symbols
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''«-»'''  
 
|'''«-»'''  
|не может начинаться или заканчиваться дефисом или содержать 2 дефиса (в третьей и четвертой позициях)
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|a domain name can not begin or end with a hyphen or contain two hyphens (on the third and fourth positions)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''IDN'''  
 
|'''IDN'''  
| нет
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| no
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Срок регистрации'''  
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|'''The term of registration'''  
| 1-2 года
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| 1-10 years
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Auth-code'''  
 
|'''Auth-code'''  
| нет
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| yes (up to 80 symbols)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Контакты'''  
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|'''Contacts'''  
| admin, tech
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| registrant, admin и tech
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Nic-handle'''
 
|'''Nic-handle'''
| [[CUNIC]], UANIC
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| [[CUNIC]]
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Поддерживается интерфейсом'''  
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|'''Supported interfaces'''  
| EPP, SMTP, Light EPP клиент
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| EPP, SMTP, Light EPP client
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Policy'''  
 
|'''Policy'''  
| https://hostmaster.ua/policy/?ua
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| https://hostmaster.ua/policy/?ua + [[UAEPP]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Registry'''  
 
|'''Registry'''  
 
| Hostmaster Ltd. https://hostmaster.ua/
 
| Hostmaster Ltd. https://hostmaster.ua/
 
|-
 
|-
|'''WHOIS-сервер'''  
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|'''WHOIS server'''  
 
| whois.ua
 
| whois.ua
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Регламент WHOIS'''  
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|'''WHOIS regulations'''  
 
| https://hostmaster.ua/services/?WHOIS
 
| https://hostmaster.ua/services/?WHOIS
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''DNSSEC'''  
 
|'''DNSSEC'''  
| нет
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| no
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''.UA''' is the official country code Top-Level-Domain of Ukraine.
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'''.UA''' is the official country code Top Level Domain of Ukraine.
  
=== Особенности ===
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== Peculiarities ==
The domain name in UA may only register for Based on the certificate of trademark registration registered in the territory of Ukraine, or if the trademark registered in another state with territorial expansion to Ukraine under the Madrid Agreement.
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A .UA domain name may be registered only on the basis of certificate of trademark registration registered in the territory of Ukraine, or if the trademark was registered in another state with territorial expansion to Ukraine under the Madrid Agreement.
  
 
According to the rules of the .UA domain zone, domain name must fully reproduce the verbal designation of a trademark.
 
According to the rules of the .UA domain zone, domain name must fully reproduce the verbal designation of a trademark.
  
=== Кто может стать регистрантом ===
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== Who can become a registrant ==
Data in domain contact "admin" must fully duplicate data trademark owner или данные владельца [https://hostmaster.ua/policy/expertise_to_license_agreement.pdf лицензионного договора] на соответствующую trademark.
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Information in the registrant contact of the domain name must fully duplicate information about the trademark owner or the owner of the license agreement for the relevant trademark.
  
Для выполнения операций с доменами .UA в системе DRS используются контакты [[CUNIC]] и UANIC.
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To perform operations with the .UA domain, the DRS uses [[CUNIC]] contacts.
  
=== Проверка домена ===
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== Checking of a domain name ==
Для того, чтобы проверить, свободен ли выбранный домен .UA, выполните EPP-команду <code><domain:check></code>.
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To check, whether the selected .UA domain is free, perform the EPP <code><domain:check></code> command.
  
Кроме того, любой пользователь сети интернет может посмотреть, существует ли интересующий его домен .UA, используя whois-сервер реестра, официальный [https://hostmaster.ua/?domadv сайт] реестра или на http://dig.ua.
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Moreover, any Internet user can check whether the .UA domain name that interests him is taken, using the whois-server registry, the registry’s [https://hostmaster.ua/?domadv official website] or http://dig.ua.
  
=== Create домена ===
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== Registering of a domain name ==
Домен .UA можно зарегистрировать одним из двух способов:
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A .UA domain name can be registered in one of the following ways:
  
# Через EPP-интерфейс, выполнив команду <code><domain:create></code>.  
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1. Via EPP-interface by typing <code><domain:create></code>.  
  
'''Example <create> command for the second level domain in the zone .UA:'''
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Example <create> command for the second level domain in the zone .UA:
  
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="xml" enclose="pre">
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="xml" enclose="pre">
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                 </domain:hostAttr>
 
                 </domain:hostAttr>
 
             </domain:ns>
 
             </domain:ns>
             <domain:contact type="admin">example1-cunic</domain:contact>
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            <domain:registrant>***-cunic</domain:registrant>
             <domain:contact type="tech">example2-cunic</domain:contact>
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             <domain:contact type="admin">***-cunic</domain:contact>
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             <domain:contact type="tech">***-cunic</domain:contact>
 
             <domain:authInfo>
 
             <domain:authInfo>
                 <domain:pw>2fooBAR</domain:pw>
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                 <domain:pw>2fo@oBAR</domain:pw>
 
             </domain:authInfo>
 
             </domain:authInfo>
 
         </domain:create>
 
         </domain:create>
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             <drs:domain>
 
             <drs:domain>
 
                 <drs:license>1234567</drs:license>
 
                 <drs:license>1234567</drs:license>
                <drs:description>Registrar client</drs:description>
 
 
             </drs:domain>
 
             </drs:domain>
 
         </drs:create>
 
         </drs:create>
Рядок 109: Рядок 113:
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
</syntaxhighlight>
  
# Подав заявку <code>ADD</code> по SMTP.
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2. Making an <code>ADD</code> application via SMTP.
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In the application should be the trademark certificate number in the <code>license</code> field.
  
Заявка должна содержать 2 контакта: Administrative, Technical. А так же в заявке должен присутствовать номер свидетельства на trademark в поле <code>license</code>.
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=== Domain names, unavailable for registration ===
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The www domain name in a public domain which shall be reserved for the administrator of this public domain; it has to be pointed to the website where the policy of this public domain and the list of registrars registering domain names in this domain are published.
  
==== Домены, которые недоступны для регистрации ====
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== Renewing of a domain name ==
The www domain name in a public domain shall be reserved for the administrator of this public domain; it must point to the website where the policy of this public domain and the list of registrars registering domain names in this domain are published..
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You can renew .UA domain registration not later than 29 days after its expiration date. The renewal can be performed in one of three ways:
  
=== Renew домена ===
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# Via the EPP-interface by typing <code><domain:renew></code>.
Продлить срок регистрации домена .UA можно '''не раньше, чем за 1 год''' до его окончания. Это можно сделать одним из трёх способов:
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# Making a RENEW application via SMTP.
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# Via the Light EPP client software by using <code>renew:domain</code>.
  
# Через EPP-интерфейс, выполнив команду <code><domain:renew></code>.
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Renewing of a .UA domain name can be performed only if:
# Подав заявку <code>RENEW</code> по SMTP.
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* the request for the renewal in made by the registrar, which serves the domain name;
# Через Light EPP клиент с помощью функции <code>renew:domain</code>.
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* the period of the domain validity does not exceed maximum;
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* the domain does not have status that prohibits a renewal.
  
Продление домена .UA возможно только при условии, если:
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== Updating a domain name ==
* запрос на продление выполняет регистратор, который обслуживает домен;
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* Changing of the administrative contact in .UA domain names is performed only when there is a complete set of documents, which satisfy [https://hostmaster.ua/policy/?instr1 established procedures] and have been prepared and sent to Service Online LLC.
* срок действия домена не превышает максимальный;
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* Changing the certificate number in the <code>license</code> field may be performed only upon presentation of additional documents. The details can be specified in the DRS support service: [mailto:support@drs.ua support@drs.ua].
* у домена не установлен статус, запрещающий продление, такой как BLOCKED или FROZEN.
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=== Update домена ===
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Apply for a change in .UA domain names with one of these methods:
* Смена административного контакта в доменах .UA выполняется только при наличии полного пакета документов согласно установленной [https://hostmaster.ua/policy/?instr1 процедуре], которые были подготовлены и направлены к Service Online LLC
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#  Via the EPP-interface by typing <code><domain:update></code> this method also allows you to change the status of the domain).
* Изменение номера свидетельства в поле <code>license</code> возможно только при предъявлении дополнительных документов, подробности можно уточнить в службе поддержки DRS [mailto:support@drs.ua support@drs.ua]
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#  Making an <code>UPDATE</code> application via SMTP.
* Без дополнительных документов можно изменить такие атрибуты домена: <code>tech-c</code>, <code>nameserver</code> и <code>description</code>.
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Подать заявку на изменение данных в домене .UA можно одним из способов:
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Changing the domain data is available if the domain does not have status, which prohibits changes.
#  Через EPP-интерфейс, выполнив команду <code><domain:update></code> (данный способ также позволяет изменить статус домена).
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#  Подав заявку <code>UPDATE</code> по SMTP.
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Изменение данных домена доступно, если в домене не установлен статус, запрещающий изменения, таких как HOLD, BLOCKED или FROZEN.
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== Transfering of a domain name ==
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A DRS registrar can initiate a transfer of domain name from another registrar by one of the following ways:
=== Трансфер домена ===
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# Via EPP interface by typing <code><transfer> request </code>.
Регистратор системы DRS может инициировать перенос домена от другого регистратора одним из способов:
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# Making a <code>TRANSFER</code> application via SMTP.
# Через EPP-интерфейс, выполнив команду <code><transfer> request </code>.
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# Via the Light EPP client software by using <code>request</code> function of <code>transfer:domain</code> operation.
# Подав заявку <code>TRANSFER</code> по SMTP.
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# Через Light EPP клиент с помощью операции <code>request</code> функции <code>transfer:domain</code>.
+
  
Трансфер выполняется бесплатно. При трансфере срок действия домена остается прежним.
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The transfer procedure agrees with the [[UAEPP]] regulations.
  
=== Статусы домена ===
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=== Blocking of a domain name transfer ===
<code>OK-UNTIL</code> - the domain name has been delegated, term of delegation - till the specified date.
+
  
<code>HOLD-SINCE</code> - the domain name delegation have been held up from the specified date. The domain needs to be renewed.
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To prevent receiving applications for changing of a registrar and to prevent their random verification, a domain name lock can be used (by setting the appropriate status).
  
<code>BLOCKED</code> - the domain name delegation have been held up because of violation of correspodning public domain. Making any changes to the record has been frozen till the administrator's decision.
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The locked status means that all applications for changing if the registrar for this domain name will be rejected.
  
<code>FROZEN-OK-UNTIL</code> - the domain name has been delegated, but making any changes to the record about this domain name has been frozen till the administrator's decision or till the administrator receives a corresponding court decision with regard to this domain name.
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The absence of lock means that the applications for changing of the registrar will be received and processed.

Версія за 13:29, 2 серпня 2022

Українська версія

Рус. версия

Ua-lifecycle eng.png


Characteristics Description
Domain name may contain latin letters (a-z), numbers (0-9), hyphens («-»)
Domain name length from 1 to 63 symbols
«-» a domain name can not begin or end with a hyphen or contain two hyphens (on the third and fourth positions)
IDN no
The term of registration 1-10 years
Auth-code yes (up to 80 symbols)
Contacts registrant, admin и tech
Nic-handle CUNIC
Supported interfaces EPP, SMTP, Light EPP client
Policy https://hostmaster.ua/policy/?ua + UAEPP
Registry Hostmaster Ltd. https://hostmaster.ua/
WHOIS server whois.ua
WHOIS regulations https://hostmaster.ua/services/?WHOIS
DNSSEC no

.UA is the official country code Top Level Domain of Ukraine.

Peculiarities

A .UA domain name may be registered only on the basis of certificate of trademark registration registered in the territory of Ukraine, or if the trademark was registered in another state with territorial expansion to Ukraine under the Madrid Agreement.

According to the rules of the .UA domain zone, domain name must fully reproduce the verbal designation of a trademark.

Who can become a registrant

Information in the registrant contact of the domain name must fully duplicate information about the trademark owner or the owner of the license agreement for the relevant trademark.

To perform operations with the .UA domain, the DRS uses CUNIC contacts.

Checking of a domain name

To check, whether the selected .UA domain is free, perform the EPP <domain:check> command.

Moreover, any Internet user can check whether the .UA domain name that interests him is taken, using the whois-server registry, the registry’s official website or http://dig.ua.

Registering of a domain name

A .UA domain name can be registered in one of the following ways:

1. Via EPP-interface by typing <domain:create>.

Example <create> command for the second level domain in the zone .UA:

<command>
    <create>
        <domain:create xmlns:domain="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0" xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:domain-1.0 domain-1.0.xsd">
            <domain:name>example.ua</domain:name>
            <domain:period unit="y">1</domain:period>
            <domain:ns>
                <domain:hostAttr>
                    <domain:hostName>ns1.example.net</domain:hostName>
                </domain:hostAttr>
                <domain:hostAttr>
                    <domain:hostName>ns2.example.net</domain:hostName>
                </domain:hostAttr>
                <domain:hostAttr>
                    <domain:hostName>ns3.example.net</domain:hostName>
                </domain:hostAttr>
            </domain:ns>
            <domain:registrant>***-cunic</domain:registrant>
            <domain:contact type="admin">***-cunic</domain:contact>
            <domain:contact type="tech">***-cunic</domain:contact>
            <domain:authInfo>
                <domain:pw>2fo@oBAR</domain:pw>
            </domain:authInfo>
        </domain:create>
    </create>
    <extension>
        <drs:create xmlns:drs="http://drs.ua/epp/drs-1.0" xsi:schemaLocation="http://drs.ua/epp/drs-1.0 drs-1.0.xsd">
            <drs:domain>
                <drs:license>1234567</drs:license>
            </drs:domain>
        </drs:create>
    </extension>
</command>

2. Making an ADD application via SMTP.

In the application should be the trademark certificate number in the license field.

Domain names, unavailable for registration

The www domain name in a public domain which shall be reserved for the administrator of this public domain; it has to be pointed to the website where the policy of this public domain and the list of registrars registering domain names in this domain are published.

Renewing of a domain name

You can renew .UA domain registration not later than 29 days after its expiration date. The renewal can be performed in one of three ways:

  1. Via the EPP-interface by typing <domain:renew>.
  2. Making a RENEW application via SMTP.
  3. Via the Light EPP client software by using renew:domain.

Renewing of a .UA domain name can be performed only if:

  • the request for the renewal in made by the registrar, which serves the domain name;
  • the period of the domain validity does not exceed maximum;
  • the domain does not have status that prohibits a renewal.

Updating a domain name

  • Changing of the administrative contact in .UA domain names is performed only when there is a complete set of documents, which satisfy established procedures and have been prepared and sent to Service Online LLC.
  • Changing the certificate number in the license field may be performed only upon presentation of additional documents. The details can be specified in the DRS support service: support@drs.ua.

Apply for a change in .UA domain names with one of these methods:

  1. Via the EPP-interface by typing <domain:update> this method also allows you to change the status of the domain).
  2. Making an UPDATE application via SMTP.

Changing the domain data is available if the domain does not have status, which prohibits changes.

Transfering of a domain name

A DRS registrar can initiate a transfer of domain name from another registrar by one of the following ways:

  1. Via EPP interface by typing <transfer> request .
  2. Making a TRANSFER application via SMTP.
  3. Via the Light EPP client software by using request function of transfer:domain operation.

The transfer procedure agrees with the UAEPP regulations.

Blocking of a domain name transfer

To prevent receiving applications for changing of a registrar and to prevent their random verification, a domain name lock can be used (by setting the appropriate status).

The locked status means that all applications for changing if the registrar for this domain name will be rejected.

The absence of lock means that the applications for changing of the registrar will be received and processed.